Models and Ultraproducts: An Introduction A. B. Slomson J. L. BellIn this text for first-year graduate students, the authors provide an elementary exposition of some of the basic concepts of model theory—focusing particularly on the ultraproduct construction and the areas in which it is most useful. The book, which assumes only that its readers are acquainted with the rudiments of set theory, starts by developing the notions of Boolean algebra, propositional calculus, and predicate calculus.Model theory proper begins in the fourth chapter, followed by an introduction to ultraproduct construction, which includes a detailed look at its theoretic properties. An overview of elementary equivalence provides algebraic descriptions of the elementary classes. Discussions of completeness follow, along with surveys of the work of Jónsson and of Morley and Vaught on homogeneous universal models, and the results of Keisler in connection with the notion of a saturated structure. Additional topics include classical results of Gödel and Skolem, and extensions of classical first-order logic in terms of generalized quantifiers and infinitary languages. Numerous exercises appear throughout the text. Calculo de Varias Variables - Volumen 2 Marion Zimmer Bradley, Karl J. SmithProblems in real Analysis Charalambos D. Aliprantis, Owen BurkinshawMathematical Logic : A course with exercises — Part I — Propositional Calculus, Boolean Algebras, Predicate Calculus, Completeness Theorems Rene Cori, Daniel LascarLogic forms the basis of mathematics and is a fundamental part of any mathematics course. This book provides students with a clear and accessible introduction to this important subject, using the concept of model as the main focus and covering a wide area of logic. The chapters of the book cover propositional calculus, boolean algebras, predicate calculus and completeness theorems with answers to all of the exercises and the end of the volume. This is an ideal introduction to mathematics and logic for the advanced undergraduate student.p-adic Numbers: An Introduction Fernando GouveaThere are numbers of all kinds: rational, real, complex, p-adic. The p-adic numbers are less well known than the others, but they play a fundamental role in number theory and in other parts of mathematics. This elementary introduction offers a broad understanding of p-adic numbers.From the reviews: "It is perhaps the most suitable text for beginners, and I shall definitely recommend it to anyone who asks me what a p-adic number is." —THE MATHEMATICAL GAZETTE Algebra Thomas W. HungerfordFinally a self-contained, one volume, graduate-level algebra text that is readable by the average graduate student and flexible enough to accommodate a wide variety of instructors and course contents. The guiding principle throughout is that the material should be presented as general as possible, consistent with good pedagogy. Therefore it stresses clarity rather than brevity and contains an extraordinarily large number of illustrative exercises.A Classical Introduction to Modern Number Theory Kenneth Ireland, Michael RosenThis well-developed, accessible text details the historical development of the subject throughout. It also provides wide-ranging coverage of significant results with comparatively elementary proofs, some of them new. This second edition contains two new chapters that provide a complete proof of the Mordel-Weil theorem for elliptic curves over the rational numbers and an overview of recent progress on the arithmetic of elliptic curves.p-adic Numbers, p-adic Analysis, and Zeta-Functions NEAL KoblitzThe first edition of this work has become the standard introduction to the theory of p-adic numbers at both the advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate level. This second edition includes a deeper treatment of p-adic functions in Ch. 4 to include the Iwasawa logarithm and the p-adic gamma-function, the rearrangement and addition of some exercises, the inclusion of an extensive appendix of answers and hints to the exercises, as well as numerous clarifications.Analisis Clasico Elemental Hoffman MarsdenElementary Classical Analysis Jerrold E. Marsden, Michael J. HoffmanDesigned for courses in advanced calculus and introductory real analysis, Elementary Classical Analysis strikes a careful balance between pure and applied mathematics with an emphasis on specific techniques important to classical analysis without vector calculus or complex analysis. Intended for students of engineering and physical science as well as of pure mathematics.Análisis real, medida e integración Piotr Lavrentievich Ulyanov, Mijail Ivánovich DyachenkoFunctional Analysis Walter RudinThis classic text is written for graduate courses in functional analysis. This text is used in modern investigations in analysis and applied mathematics. This new edition includes up-to-date presentations of topics as well as more examples and exercises. New topics include Kakutani's fixed point theorem, Lamonosov's invariant subspace theorem, and an ergodic theorem.This text is part of the Walter Rudin Student Series in Advanced Mathematics. Analyse, volume 3 SchawrzThéorie des distributions. Troisième cycle et recherche Laurent SchwartzProblems and Solutions for Complex Analysis Rami ShakarchiAll the exercises plus their solutions for Serge Lang's fourth edition of "Complex Analysis," ISBN 0-387-98592-1. The problems in the first 8 chapters are suitable for an introductory course at undergraduate level and cover power series, Cauchy's theorem, Laurent series, singularities and meromorphic functions, the calculus of residues, conformal mappings, and harmonic functions. The material in the remaining 8 chapters is more advanced, with problems on Schwartz reflection, analytic continuation, Jensen's formula, the Phragmen-Lindeloef theorem, entire functions, Weierstrass products and meromorphic functions, the Gamma function and Zeta function. Also beneficial for anyone interested in learning complex analysis.Differential Equations with Applications and Historical Notes, 2nd Edition George F. Simmons, John S. RobertsonModels and Ultraproducts: An Introduction A. B. Slomson, J. L. Bell, MathematicsIn this text for first-year graduate students, the authors provide an elementary exposition of some of the basic concepts of model theory—focusing particularly on the ultraproduct construction and the areas in which it is most useful. The book, which assumes only that its readers are acquainted with the rudiments of set theory, starts by developing the notions of Boolean algebra, propositional calculus, and predicate calculus.Model theory proper begins in the fourth chapter, followed by an introduction to ultraproduct construction, which includes a detailed look at its theoretic properties. An overview of elementary equivalence provides algebraic descriptions of the elementary classes. Discussions of completeness follow, along with surveys of the work of Jónsson and of Morley and Vaught on homogeneous universal models, and the results of Keisler in connection with the notion of a saturated structure. Additional topics include classical results of Gödel and Skolem, and extensions of classical first-order logic in terms of generalized quantifiers and infinitary languages. Numerous exercises appear throughout the text. Counterexamples in Topology Lynn Arthur Steen, J. Arthur Seebach Jr.Over 140 examples, preceded by a succinct exposition of general topology and basic terminology. Each example treated as a whole. Over 25 Venn diagrams and charts summarize properties of the examples, while discussions of general methods of construction and change give readers insight into constructing counterexamples. Includes problems and exercises, correlated with examples. Bibliography. 1978 edition.Procesos estocásticos Constantin Tudor |